Chanson Groupe de musique & Musicien Liste
Description en français, langue française introuvable, nous n'avons qu'une description en anglais:
The term bard (Russian: бард, IPA: [bart]) came to be used in the Soviet Union in the early 1960s, and continues to be used in Russia today, to refer to singer-songwriters who wrote songs outside the Soviet establishment, similarly to folk singers of the American folk music revival. Because in bard music songwriters perform their own songs, the genre is also commonly referred to as author song ("авторская песня" avtorskaya pesnya). Bard poetry differs from other poetry mainly in being sung with simple guitar accompaniment as opposed to being spoken. Another difference is that it focuses less on style and more on meaning. This means that fewer stylistic devices are used, and the poetry is often in the form of a narrative. What separates bard poetry from other songs is that the music is far less important than the lyrics; chord progressions are often very simple and tend to repeat from one bard song to another. A far more obvious difference is the commerce-free nature of the genre; songs are written to be sung and not to be sold, as the bards are often working professionals in a non-musical occupation.
Stylistically, the precursors to bard songs were Russian "city romances", also known as urban romances, which touched upon common life and were popular throughout all layers of Russian society in the late 19th to early 20th centuries. These romances were traditionally written in a minor key and performed with a guitar accompaniment.
Bard poetry may be roughly classified into two main genres: tourist song and political song, although some other subgenres are also recognized, such as outlaw song and pirate song.
Initially the term "bard" was used by fans of the tourist song genre, and outside those circles, the term was often perceived as slightly derisive. However, there was a need for a term to distinguish this style of song from the traditional mainstream pop song, and the term eventually stuck.
Many bards performed their songs for small groups of people using a Russian guitar, and rarely, if ever, would they be accompanied by other musicians or singers. Those who became popular were eventually able to hold modest concerts. Bards were rarely permitted to record their music, given the political nature of many of their songs. As a result, bard tunes usually made their way around via the copying of amateur recordings (known as magnitizdat) made at concerts, particularly those songs that were of a political nature.
- Vous pouvez voter pour ou contre. S'il vous plaît toujours tenir compte du contexte au moment de voter, par exemple, une chanson devrait être voté vers le haut ou vers le bas par rapport aux autres chansons figurant sur l'album, la performance d'un acteur en comparaison avec d'autres acteurs dans le même film, un livre par rapport à d'autres livres du même auteur ou dans le même genre.
- Un vote peut être annulé en cliquant simplement sur le vote opposé dans les 24 heures. Vous pouvez ensuite voter à nouveau sur le même article.
- Chaque utilisateur dispose d'un droit de vote par article dans une liste spécifique toutes les 24 heures. Après 24 heures, vous pouvez voter à nouveau sur le même article dans la même liste.
- Vous pouvez voter autant d'articles que vous voulez dans la liste ou sur le même article si elle fait partie d'une autre liste. Par exemple, vous pouvez voter David Bowie vers le haut ou vers le bas sur la liste des artistes de musique pop ainsi que sur la liste des artistes de rock indie et sur la liste de la musique rock artistes, etc
- Bonne vote!